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8 Reason For Pump Vibration Problems & It’s Solution

Pump Vibration Problems

Pump Vibration? Don’t Panic.
Here Is the Solution.

Excessive vibration is a sign that something bad is going on inside a pump or in the adjacent pump system, which is why so many pump users keep a close eye on pump vibration.
When the degree of vibration is deemed to have reached an undesirable level, the following issue is: “What is the major cause of this excessive vibration, or how can we resolve it?”
You can’t just assume the rotors are out of equilibrium; there is a slew of other possibilities. The relationship between an exciting force (hydraulic or mechanical) and the related structural frequencies causes machinery vibrating difficulties.
The bigger the amplitude of the vibration, the higher the exciting force(s) and/or the nearer these exciting force(s) are to the resonant frequency.

Issues with resonance reactions are most common on new devices, but they can also occur on older installations as a result of system changes.

8 Causes Of Pump Vibration:

1) Pump Vibration Due To Cavitation

The noise is fairly loud, and it feels as if gravel is being tossed all-around submersible pump’s interior. When cavities and low-density bubbles emerge in the fluid displaced at the pump’s vacuum side, cavitation occurs.
Cavitation can develop as a result of improper pipe architecture or a clogged sucking outlet. Pressure-bubbles from VFDs (Variable Frequency Drives) cause the pump to operate far to the left of the pump curve.
Owing to a pressure mismatch, when low-pressure bubbles approach the impeller end of the pump, it breaks. Breaking bubbles ascend to the impeller’s surface, causing damage to the housing and rotor.

How to solve this problem?

  • You can avoid cavitation by inspecting the filtration and extractors for cleanliness.
  • Referencing the pump’s curve with a pressure sensor or flowmeter
  • If the pump medium path is not suitable, reconsider the pump configuration.

2) Rotor Unbalance

When the running velocity increases, rotor imbalance concerns usually appear. The investigation of these subject pumps, on the other hand, revealed no significant vibrations at any given maximum velocity.
This was a speed control application, and when charting the pump’s “all pass” vibrations at the apex of ; submersible motor;at different running speeds.

The vibration does not appear to peak at any certain speeds, as one would expect from an imbalance, but there is a lot of scatter.

3)Bent Shaft

On the same rotors, bent shaft difficulties generate considerable axial vibration with axial phase variations approaching 180°. If the bent is at the shafts centre, dominant instability occurs at 1X RPM, and it increases to 2X RPM if the bent is near the connection.
Pumps with bent shafts are more likely to occur at or at the connection. To detect bent shafts, dial indicators might be employed.

4)Pump impeller Imbalance

Pumps may appear to be misaligned, to have faulty bearings, or to be overheated at times, but the culprit seems to be an unbalance in the pump assembly or another element.

Unbalance will lead to percussion and heat buildup. The balance scale of the impellers greatly influenced the life of the pump bearings.
Force mismatch is more prevalent than couple disparity when the pump’s impeller is center-hung. At pump working speed, the maximum vibrations will most probably be in the horizontal or vertical direction with the top amplitude of 1X RPM.
The hazards of pump impeller imbalance –

  • Unregulated vibration or a bent shafts can cause distortion and harm to the overall network.
  • Failure of the bearings
  • Vibrations that are too high and cause harm to the pump or system
  • Mechanical sealing or packing problems
  • Seizing pump

5)Pump Flow Pulsation

When a pump is working near its shut-off head, this scenario occurs. The pressure sensors on the outflow piping of the pump will shift. The counter-weight and valve arm will fluctuate if the pump uses a discharging swing check valve, showing an unsteady flow.
The absence of the right nutrition is one of the leading reasons for pulsation. As the plunger is extended and the pump is filled, the pumped medium must keep in touch with the plunger’s surface. If this is not done, the plunger will advance and strike the fluid, generating undesirable pulsation.
Some other reasons for pump flow pulsation:

  • Incorrect spring rates
  • Valve leakage
  • Several pumps connected to a single header
  • Flow-restricting piping designs
  • Packing worn out

How to prevent this problem?
Using a suction stabilizer to maintain the fluid in consistent contact with the plunger can help avoid pump flow pulsation.

6) Re-Circulation

At the impeller/discharge ends, you see a flow inversion and low flow causes re-circulation.
We can divide it into two categories: Suction Recirculation — in the impeller’s eye, we redirected the flow, resulting in the generation of low-pressure bursts. The problem is related to cavitation, and it causes considerable impeller degradation.
Discharge is another option. Re-circulation is when the movement at the pump’s outlet side is redirected. It is comparable to suction recirculating, but the damage occurs at the impeller’s force end.

7) Pump Bearing Issue

Bearing failure is among the most common reasons for pump vibration. This is due to the fact that only around 10% to 30% of ball bearings are being used for long enough just to undergo a normal failure mechanism.
Although a pump is intended to last 20,000 hours, the bearings may not. Pump bearings can collapse owing to pressure, excessive wear, rust caused by the weather or a chemical, lubrication breakdown, overheated, or contamination.
We can solve this problem by lubricating the bearings with oil mist, specialist oils, or wax on a regular basis. The only consistent pattern is that vibration rises with pump speed, and pump vacuum energy enhances with pump power.
These findings strongly suggest that the major departing force is not mechanical, opening the possibility of a hydraulic excitation force.

8) Misalignment Of The Shaft

As some vibration is common in pumps, it’s better to have a skilled repair specialist decide whether shaft misalignment or something else causes the excessive vibration.
They can also notify you if the problem is serious enough to compromise the pump’s efficiency and dependability or not.
Shaft imbalanceis challenging to detect and measure from the outside. There are no detectors that you can install in a pump to monitor the amount of force used.
The misaligned pumps will show the following symptoms:

  • Vibration that is excessively axial or radial
  • Temperatures in the casing or around the bearings are extremely high.
  • Temperatures of the output oil are extremely high.
  • Oil seeps from the bearing seals in large quantities
  • Foundation screws or a loose coupler
  • Pairing problems in overflow
  • Shafts that break or crack near the connecting hubs or inlet bearings


Early detection of a vibration issue can assist prevent unscheduled downtime and enable for a scheduled pump maintenance. If you’re having troubles with one of these vibrations or any problem with your pumps, rotating machinery, or system, contact your service provider right away. This is also helpful in buying a submersible pump
Select the best Pumps services supplier who can handle all of your pump repair requirements.
Looking to purchase Submersible Pumps? Visit us at Unnati Pumps; and request a quote.